Breast Self-Exam(BSE)

Early detection is at your finger-tips

As a woman, you are at risk for breast cancer. Early detection is very important for effective treatment. There are many ways (clinical and non clinical) way to test breast cancer. One of the easiest way is Breast Self-exam (BSE), where a woman can detect/identify abnormalities by self examination of her own breast.

There are Five Steps of Breast Self-Exam (BSE).

Step 1

Stand in front of the mirror with your shoulders straight and your arms on your hips and look at your breasts (breast awareness) and check are they their usual size, shape, and colour that they are evenly shaped without visible distortion or swelling

Consult doctor if there is :

  • dimpling, puckering, or bulging of the skin
  • changed position or an inverted nipple (pushed inward instead of sticking out)
  • redness, rash, or swelling of the breasts

Step 2

  • Now, raise your arms and look for the same changes.
  • Look for any dimpling of skin or in-drawing nipple.

Step 3

  • While you’re at the mirror, gently squeeze each nipple between your finger and thumb
  • Consult doctor if nipple discharge is milky or yellow fluid or blood.

Step 4

  • Lie down and use your right hand to feel your left breast and then your left hand to feel your right breast.
  • Use a firm, smooth touch with the pad of your 3 middle fingers, keeping the fingers flat and together.
  • Cover your entire breast from top to bottom, side to side; -from your collarbone to the top of your abdomen, and from your armpit to your cleavage.
  • Be sure to feel all the breast tissue.
  • Follow a pattern to be sure that you cover the whole breast. Begin at the nipple, moving in larger and larger circles until you reach the outer edge of the breast. Also move your fingers up and down vertically, in rows. Begin examining each area just beneath your skin with a very soft touch, and then increase pressure so that you can feel the deeper tissue, down to your ribcage using fingers only.


Step 5

  • Feel your breasts while you are standing or sitting.
  • It is easier to feel your breasts when their skin is wet and slippery (like while taking bath).
  • Cover your entire breast, using the same hand movements described in Step 4.


Do Monthly Breast Self Examination!