Cancer Statistics

  • One woman dies of cervical cancer every 8 minutes in India [1].
  • For every 2 women newly diagnosed with breast cancer, one woman dies of it in India [2-4].
  • As many as 2,500 persons die every day due to tobacco-related diseases in India [5].
  • Tobacco (smoked and smokeless) use accounted for 3,17,928 deaths (approx) in men and women in 2018.

Cancer Statistics in India [7]

  • Estimated number of people living with the disease: around 2.25 million
  • Every year, new cancer patients registered: Over 11,57,294 lakh
  • Cancer-related deaths: 7,84,821

Risk of developing cancer before the age of 75 years

Male: 9.81%

Female: 9.42%

Total deaths due to cancer in 2018 [8] 

  • Total: 7,84,821
  • Men: 4,13,519
    Women: 3,71,302

Risk of dying from cancer before the age of 75 years is 7.34% in males and 6.28% in females.

Cancers of oral cavity and lungs  account for over 25% of cancer deaths in males and cancer of  breast and oral cavity account for 25% cancers in females [9].

The top five cancers in men and women account for 47.2% of all cancers; these cancers can be prevented, screened for and/or detected early and treated at an early stage [10]. This could significantly reduce the death rate from these cancers.

 MEN WOMEN
 1  LIP,ORAL CAVITY BREAST
 2 LUNG LIP, ORAL
3 STOMACH CERVIX
4 COLORECTAL LUNG
5 ESOPHAGUS GASTRIC

Cervical Cancer

Cervical cancer is the second most common cancer in India in women accounting for 22.86% of all cancer cases in women and 12% of all cancer cases in both men and women [11].

Globocan 2018 data [2,3]:

  • New cases registered: 96,922
  • Deaths: 60,078

Median age:  38 years (age 21–67 years).

Rural women are at higher risk of developing cervical cancer as compared to their urban counterparts [12].

Cervical cancer is less common in Muslim than in Hindu women [8].

Cervical cancer is the third largest cause of cancer mortality in India accounting for nearly 10% of all cancer related deaths in the country [13].

Survival rate

The relative five year survival averages to 48.7% [14].

Length of survival depends on the cancer stage at the time of detection.

The survival chance of a person becomes better if the cervical cancer is detected and treated at earlier stages. Therefore it is important to avail of cervical cancer screening.

For more information, refer to this document (Source: National Cancer Registry Programme):

Breast Cancer

Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women in India and accounts for 14% of all cancers in women [2,3].

Globocan 2018 data:

  • New cases registered: 1,62,468
  • Deaths: 87,090

The incidence rates in India begin to rise in the early thirties and peak at ages 50-64 years [9].

Overall, 1 in 28 women is likely to develop breast cancer during her lifetime.

In urban areas, 1 in 22 women is likely to develop breast cancer during her lifetime as compared to rural areas where 1 in 60 women develops breast cancer in her lifetime [15].

For more information, refer to this document (Source: National Cancer Registry Programme):

Oral Cancer

Oral cancer is the most common cancer in India amongst men (16.1 % of all cancers),

Globocan 2018 data:

  • New cases registered: 92,011

Oral cancer is the second most common cancer in India amongst women (10.4 % of all cancers),

Globocan 2018 data:

  • New cases registered: 1,19,992

Globocan 2018 data:

  • Total number of deaths in men and women together : 72,616

Around 80-90% of oral cancers are directly attributable to tobacco use [16].

The mean age of oral cancer is 50 years [17].

The incident rate for oral cancer among females is significantly higher than males.

Survival rate (5-year) [18]

Patients with early stage oral cancer: 82%
Patients with advanced stages: 27%

For more information, refer to this document (Source: National Cancer Registry Programme):

 

References

[1] WHO Summary report on HPV & cervical cancer statistics in India (18/03/2008)
[2] Ferlay J, Soerjomataram I, Ervik M, et al. GLOBOCAN 2012 v1.0, Cancer Incidence and Mortality Worldwide: IARC CancerBase No. 11 [Internet]. Lyon, France: International Agency for Research on Cancer; 2013.
[3] Bray F, Ren JS, Masuyer E, et al. Estimates of global cancer prevalence for 27 sites in the adult population in 2008.; 2013; Int J Cancer.; 132(5):1133-45.
[4] http://www.breastcancerindia.net/bc/statistics/stat_global.htm
[5] Reddy KS, Gupta PC. Report on tobacco control in India. New Delhi: Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India; 2004.
[6] Report on causes of deaths in India 2001-2003. Office of the Registrar General of India, Govt.of India, 2010.
[7] Nandakumar A. National Cancer Registry Programme. Indian Council for Medical Research, Consolidated report of the population based cancer registries 1990-96. New Delhi: Indian Council of Medical Research; 2009
[8] Dikshit R, Gupta PC, Ramasundarahettige C, et al. Cancer mortality in India: a nationally representative survey.; 2012,; Lancet.;379(9828):1807-16.
[9] National Cancer Registry Programme. Consolidated report of the population based cancer registries1990-1996. New Delhi: Indian Council of Medical Research; 2001.
[10] Sarnath D, Khanna A. Current Status of Cancer Burden:Global and Indian Scenario,; 2014; Biomedical Res J.,1(1):1-5
[11] http://screening.iarc.fr/doc/WHO_India_CCSP_guidelines_2005.pdf
[12] Karthigeyan, K.; Cervical cancer in India and HPV vaccination.;2012; Indian J Med Paediatr Oncol.; 33(1): 7–12.
[13] World Health Organisation. The Global Burden of Disease: 2004 Update. Geneva, WHO, 2009b.
[14] Sankaranarayanan R, Black RJ, Parkin DM. Cancer survival in developing countries, IARC Scientific Publication No. 145. Lyon: International Agency for Research on Cancer; 1998.
[15] Chaurasia V, Pal S. A Novel Approach for Breast Cancer Detection using Data Mining Techniques.; 2014 International Journal of Innovative Research in Computer and Communication Engineering.; 2(1); 2456-65.
[16] NCRP – Consolidated Report of Hospital Based Cancer Registries 2007-2011, National Cancer Registry Programme (Indian Council of Medical Research), Bangalore, 2013
[17] Shenoi R, Devrukhkar VC, Sharma BK, et al. Demographic and clinical profile of oral squamous cell carcinoma patients: a retrospective study.; 2012; Indian J Cancer. ;49(1):21-6.
[18] Iype EM, Pandey M, Mathew A, et al. Oral cancer among patients under the age of 35 years.; 2001; J Postgrad Med.;47(3):171-6.