Statistics

  • One woman dies of cervical cancer every 8 minutes in India [1].
  • For every 2 women newly diagnosed with breast cancer, one woman dies of it in India [2-4].
  • As many as 2,500 persons die every day due to tobacco-related diseases in India [5].
  • Smoking accounts for 1 in 5 deaths among men and 1 in 20 deaths among women, accounting for an estimated 9,30,000 deaths in 2010 [6].

Cancer Statistics in India [7]

  • Estimated number of people living with the disease: around 2.5 million
  • Every year, new cancer patients registered: Over 7 lakh
  • Cancer-related deaths: 5,56,400

Deaths in the age group between 30-69 years [8] 

  • Total: 3,95,400 (71% of all cancer related deaths)
  • Men: 2,00,100
  • Women: 1,95,300

Cancers of oral cavity and lungs in males and cervix and breast in females account for over 50% of all cancer deaths in India [9].

The top five cancers in men and women account for 47.2% of all cancers; these cancers can be prevented, screened for and/or detected early and treated at an early stage [10]. This could significantly reduce the death rate from these cancers.

 Men  Women
 1  LIP,ORAL CAVITY BREAST
 2 LUNG CERVIX
3 STOMACH COLORECTUM
4 COLORECTUM OVARY
5 PHARYNX LIP,ORAL CAVITY

Cervical Cancer

Cervical cancer is the second most common cancer in India in women accounting for 22.86% of all cancer cases in women and 12% of all cancer cases in both men and women [11].

Globocan 2012 data [2,3]:

  • New cases registered: 1,23,000
  • Deaths: 67,500

Median age:  38 years (age 21–67 years).

Rural women are at higher risk of developing cervical cancer as compared to their urban counterparts [12].

Cervical cancer is less common in Muslim than in Hindu women [8].

Cervical cancer is the third largest cause of cancer mortality in India accounting for nearly 10% of all cancer related deaths in the country [13].

Survival rate

The relative five year survival averages to 48.7% [14].

Length of survival depends on the cancer stage at the time of diagnosis.

The survival chance of a person becomes better if the cervical cancer is diagnosed and treated at earlier stages. Therefore it is important to avail of cervical cancer screening.

For more information, refer to this document (Source: National Cancer Registry Programme):

Breast Cancer

Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women in India and accounts for 27% of all cancers in women [2,3].

Globocan 2012 data:

  • New cases registered: 1,44,937
  • Deaths: 70,218

The incidence rates in India begin to rise in the early thirties and peak at ages 50-64 years [9].

Overall, 1 in 28 women is likely to develop breast cancer during her lifetime.

In urban areas, 1 in 22 women develops breast cancer during her lifetime as compared to rural areas where 1 in 60 women develops breast cancer in her lifetime [15].

For more information, refer to this document (Source: National Cancer Registry Programme):

Oral Cancer

Oral cancer is the most common cancer in India amongst men (11.28% of all cancers), fifth most frequently occurring cancer amongst women (4.3% of all cancers) and the third most frequently occurring cancer in India amongst both men and women [2,3].

Globocan 2012 data:

  • New cases registered: 77,003
  • Deaths: 52,067

Around 80% of oral cancers are directly attributable to tobacco use [16].

The mean age of oral cancer is 50 years [17].

The rates for oral cancer among males are significantly higher than females and these rates increase with age.

Survival rate (5-year) [18]

Patients with early stage oral cancer: 82%
Patients with advanced stages: 27%

For more information, refer to this document (Source: National Cancer Registry Programme):

 

References

[1] WHO Summary report on HPV & cervical cancer statistics in India (18/03/2008)
[2] Ferlay J, Soerjomataram I, Ervik M, et al. GLOBOCAN 2012 v1.0, Cancer Incidence and Mortality Worldwide: IARC CancerBase No. 11 [Internet]. Lyon, France: International Agency for Research on Cancer; 2013.
[3] Bray F, Ren JS, Masuyer E, et al. Estimates of global cancer prevalence for 27 sites in the adult population in 2008.; 2013; Int J Cancer.; 132(5):1133-45.
[4] http://www.breastcancerindia.net/bc/statistics/stat_global.htm
[5] Reddy KS, Gupta PC. Report on tobacco control in India. New Delhi: Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India; 2004.
[6] Report on causes of deaths in India 2001-2003. Office of the Registrar General of India, Govt.of India, 2010.
[7] Nandakumar A. National Cancer Registry Programme. Indian Council for Medical Research, Consolidated report of the population based cancer registries 1990-96. New Delhi: Indian Council of Medical Research; 2009
[8] Dikshit R, Gupta PC, Ramasundarahettige C, et al. Cancer mortality in India: a nationally representative survey.; 2012,; Lancet.;379(9828):1807-16.
[9] National Cancer Registry Programme. Consolidated report of the population based cancer registries1990-1996. New Delhi: Indian Council of Medical Research; 2001.
[10] Sarnath D, Khanna A. Current Status of Cancer Burden:Global and Indian Scenario,; 2014; Biomedical Res J.,1(1):1-5
[11] http://screening.iarc.fr/doc/WHO_India_CCSP_guidelines_2005.pdf
[12] Karthigeyan, K.; Cervical cancer in India and HPV vaccination.;2012; Indian J Med Paediatr Oncol.; 33(1): 7–12.
[13] World Health Organisation. The Global Burden of Disease: 2004 Update. Geneva, WHO, 2009b.
[14] Sankaranarayanan R, Black RJ, Parkin DM. Cancer survival in developing countries, IARC Scientific Publication No. 145. Lyon: International Agency for Research on Cancer; 1998.
[15] Chaurasia V, Pal S. A Novel Approach for Breast Cancer Detection using Data Mining Techniques.; 2014 International Journal of Innovative Research in Computer and Communication Engineering.; 2(1); 2456-65.
[16] NCRP – Consolidated Report of Hospital Based Cancer Registries 2007-2011, National Cancer Registry Programme (Indian Council of Medical Research), Bangalore, 2013
[17] Shenoi R, Devrukhkar VC, Sharma BK, et al. Demographic and clinical profile of oral squamous cell carcinoma patients: a retrospective study.; 2012; Indian J Cancer. ;49(1):21-6.
[18] Iype EM, Pandey M, Mathew A, et al. Oral cancer among patients under the age of 35 years.; 2001; J Postgrad Med.;47(3):171-6.