Tips to reduce risk of cancer

Tips to ensure that we are doing enough to reduce cancer risk by making appropriate healthy changes in our diets and lifestyle along with getting screened regularly.

Studies have shown that some simple lifestyle changes can make a big difference. Here are few cancer prevention tips.


  • Avoid tobacco use

Smoking has been linked to various types of cancer — including cancer of the lung, mouth, throat, larynx, pancreas, bladder, cervix and kidney. Chewing tobacco has been linked to cancer of the oral cavity and pancreas. Even if onedon’t use tobacco, exposure to secondhand smoke might increase the risk of lung cancer.


  • Healthy diet

This includes eating plenty of fruits and vegetables, including other foods such as whole grains. By eating lighter and leaner and avoiding obesity by reducing consumption of refined sugar and processed food goes a long way in prevention.


  • Avoid alcohol consumption

The risk of various types of cancer — including cancer of the breast, colon, lung, kidney and liver — increases with the amount of alcohol one drinks and the length of time one has been drinking.

Limit processed meats. A report from the International Agency for Research on Cancer, the cancer agency of the World Health Organization, concluded that eating large amounts of processed meat can slightly increase the risk of certain types of cancer.

In addition, women who eat a Mediterranean diet supplemented with extra-virgin olive oil and mixed nuts might have a reduced risk of breast cancer. The Mediterranean diet focuses on mostly on plant-based foods, such as fruits and vegetables, whole grains, legumes and nuts. People who follow the Mediterranean diet choose healthy fats, like olive oil, over butter and fish instead of red meat.


  • Maintain a healthy weight and be physically active

Maintaining a healthy weight might lower the risk of various types of cancer, including cancer of the breast, prostate, lung, colon and kidney. One should strive to include atleast 30 minutes of physical activity in daily routine, the more the better.


  • Get immunized

Certain viral infections cause cancer. Hepatitis B. Hepatitis B can increase the risk of developing liver cancer. Human papillomavirus (HPV). HPV is a sexually transmitted virus that can lead to cervical and other genital cancers as well as squamous cell cancers of the head and neck.


  • Avoid risky behaviors

This includes avoiding risky behavior which can lead to infections which can in turn increase the risk of cancer. This involves practicing safe sex,limitingthe number of sexual partners, and using a condom. People who have HIV or AIDS have a higher risk of cancer of the anus, liver and lung. HPV is most often associated with cervical cancer, but it might also increase the risk of cancer of the anus, penis, throat, vulva and vagina.Also do not share needles assharing needles with an infected drug user can lead to HIV, as well as hepatitis B and hepatitis C — which can increase the risk of liver cancer.


  • Get regular screening

Regular self-exams and screenings for various types of cancers — such as cancer of the cervix, breast oral cavity — can increase your chances of discovering cancer early, when treatment is most likely to be successful..

Take cancer prevention into your own hands, starting today. The rewards will last a lifetime.

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